Because of the delivery bottlenecks, experiments are being carried out
Propofol is a possible alternative to barbiturates. The agent, which is often used in human medicine due to its good controllability, also works by activating GABA receptors. But here too there are delivery problems. When US authorities announced, in view of the shortage of barbiturates, that they would increasingly use propofol for their executions in the future, the German manufacturer Fresenius restricted US exports of the substance. Propofol has also been included in the anti-torture list for some time.
In order to continue to enforce the death penalty, the US authorities are experimenting with poison cocktails, for example made from the benzodiazepine midazolam and the opioid hydromorphone. Sometimes with dire consequences. In 2014 the case of Joseph Wood went through the media, whose death throes should have dragged on with this mixture for almost two hours. Previously, in the same year, there had already been two executions in other states, which lasted significantly longer than planned.
Muscle relaxants, the second component
The second component of lethal injection, as the lethal injection is officially called, is a muscle relaxant. In addition to the skeletal muscles, the substances also paralyze the respiratory muscles. If the convict is conscious, he suffocates painfully. Non-depolarizing muscle relaxants such as pancuronium, vecuronium and tubocurarine as well as suxamethonium, which is one of the depolarizing substances, are used here. The former are competitive antagonists, i.e. they compete with the natural ligand acetylcholine for the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of the postsynaptic membrane and thus prevent their activation. As a result, the muscles relax. They have no intrinsic effect themselves. Suxamethonium, on the other hand, acts as an agonist on the acetylcholine receptors of the motor endplate. The substance causes permanent depolarization, which also leads to muscle paralysis. In contrast to the non-depolarizing muscle relaxants, the effects of suxamethonium cannot be reversed by cholinesterase inhibitors such as neostigmine.
Finally, potassium chloride
Part number three is potassium chloride. High doses lead to cardiac arrest, as extracellular potassium levels above 10 mmol / l reverse the membrane potential. It is then strongly positive. The cell can no longer repolarize after an action potential. Potassium chloride poisoning is difficult to prove in forensic medicine. Because the extracellular potassium concentration increases due to the breakdown of cells after death.
Moral, pure scorn and ridicule
… But doctors in the USA are not allowed to pull the lever with lethal injection, they have sworn to help – never to harm.
It is not the “doctors” who pull the “lever” or open the valve to the lethal syringe – prepared by “doctors”. By the way, is there no way to kill a person humanely and quickly? Yes, there are many options. Why isn’t that done? Because that’s not wanted. Why do you let a person – often innocently – (murderer) burn on death row for 25 years, often in solitary confinement (torture), and then slowly kill him after 25 years (torture), … Why do you kill people slowly (torture) ? That is what is wanted. You don’t want to kill these people quickly. Countless people sentenced to death were and are still being innocently executed – another word for murder.
This is pure morality, scorn and ridicule
In Saudi Arabia it is “doctors” who amputate the condemned limbs in stages.
And it is “doctors” who monitor the flogging and determine in which stages the 1,000 lashes are “allowed” to be administered so that the convicted person does not die too quickly. Or not die at all and then live with these physical and mental scars. That is also intentional.
What do you think, why the socialists all over the world demand so ultimately: The power monopoly may only be with the “state” – with the rulers.